None of the problems can be solved without addressing the others. Potential factors attributing to Drought: Strengthening the agricultural productive capacity of households is essential to moving people from a state of economic deprivation to self-sufficiency, McRae said.
A Potted History The South Sudanese people have experienced armed conflict almost continuously since the s. Most land either lies fallow or is used to raise cattle—in most parts of the country, tribal culture has traditionally been pastoral rather than agricultural, and wealth and status have been measured by the number of cattle held, not harvest delivered to market.
Droughts tend to occur in the most arid times of the year, however they may be present anytime, if there is a severe lack of rainfall. Every day women and children are killed by landmines or injured during and after violent conflicts.
Before they were forced to flee, their coping strategies were varied. Oxfam also charged several European governments of "wilful neglect" over the crisis.
The causes of conflict are manifold and complex, relating to an array of aspects of the human condition including identity, economic need, greed and insecurity.
However, this has not been the case.
New to the site? Often it is beyond the capacity of host Sudan case study drought to provide such assistance. During conflict, farmers are reluctant to invest in their farms. But aid is also hampered or blocked entirely by mines in the roads.
The John Hopkins University Press, The availability of small arms and light weapons along border areas where pastoral communities reside also contributes greatly to conflict. As of mid, the fighting continues across South Sudan, especially in Unity and Upper Nile States in the north of the new country.
Furthermore, without assistance in both buying seeds and equipment and learning how to use them, young men demobilized from militias are unlikely to successfully reintegrate into rural farming communities. The cumulative effect of raids is a continual stress on farming, but agriculture in South Sudan is rudimentary in any case.
USAID has been working in the state of Jonglei and other parts of South Sudan to build agricultural capacity, though these efforts have been impeded by continued fighting, especially as many groups have young leaders who are trying to prove themselves, according to McRae.
It is tasked with assessing and addressing the needs of the drought-impacted segments of the population. Delays of aid often create a feeling of alienation and marginalization among the affected groups. The group identified expertise and other perspectives that would be needed to provide input into an operational systems engineering model—transportation, agricultural production, logistics, culture, nutrition, public health, the environment, and the dynamics of inter- and intra-tribal politics—and in doing so realized that the outputs of the model would provide compelling information for decision makers.
It is unlikely to recover this year and community members in Northern Bahr el Ghazal are already selling goats, calves and cows to buy food from the market. They also speculated that observations of ongoing changes in South Sudan could be used to reverse engineer how the system currently works.
However in relation to drought-effects, a lack of water absorption by the soil means that even if rainfall were to occur, it is highly unlikely the land would recover due to its dryness and lack of topsoil. But it is done in order to buy basic food.
The only water they could get was from swamps and they neither boiled nor filtered it. Malnutrition levels are also at their highest. Given the importance of cattle in the culture and the economy, selling cattle is seen as a major negative coping strategy.
Because of the bad road system, the movement of food is extremely limited for a large portion of each year.The outlook for food security in South Sudan in July is bleak, as represented by the food insecurity situation (described by the IPC data in the map below), with many states in crisis phase and a smaller number already in a state of emergency.
Country Case Studies. mapping the land use and land cover (LU/LC) in relation to drought, sand encroachment and land degradation processes. Moreover, the study attempted to investigate the potential use of remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) in this study. Satellite Case study: Wadi Al Kanger, Sudan.
Sahel Drought Case Study - IB/AP Geography. Covers parts of Senegal, southern Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, southern Algeria, northern Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, northern Ethiopia and Eritrea; Annual rainfall is mm in the north and mm in the south on average; The facts and figures of Sahel.
Case Study: Food Security in South Sudan I n January the South Sudanese people voted overwhelmingly, in a referendum established as part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), to secede from Sudan and create the world’s newest nation (Figure ). 1 South Sudan has about 10 million people in an area about the size of.
Droughts and famine - Case study - the Sahel in Africa. Name and locate your case study. · The Sahel is a region stretching from one side of Africa to the other just south of the Sahara desert.
· It includes countries like Sudan and Ethiopia. What is a famine? It is when there is so little food in a country or region that people starve to death.Download