He was supposed to be interested and moderately skilled in almost every aspect of contemporary life. However, Renaissance thinking humanism encouraged the individual to be brought to its furthest potential. They undertook voyages west across the Atlantic Ocean and south and east around Africa to India and beyond.
As the struggles over religion spread across Europe, they were used by some rulers as one more way to consolidate their powers. The availability of books enabled knowledge and information to spread rapidly across Europe and provided a great impetus to education, for the need to be literate had increased immensely.
As the Church tightened its grip on society, more and more followers slipped away, and thus the Reformation was born. Islamic scholars had preserved many of the ancient writing, and European scholars retranslated them from the Arabic and shared them across Europe. The circumnavigation of the world showed how limited human knowledge had been.
Universities also were developing in other areas of Europe, especially in Germany, as the orientation toward church-controlled education lessened and secular education grew. Through contacts with the Arab world, the Western world was rediscovering many long-lost classical writings of the Greeks and Romans.
The humanist scholars studied the classics closely because the ancient writings expressed humanistic ideas about education. Da Vinci was a painter, scientist, and inventor, and Michelangelo was a sculptor, architect, and painter. After the Renaissance this trend reversed and moved back toward specialization.
The Enlightenment mainly consisted of a movement of Renaissance and reformation essay awareness, first through the nobles and high Renaissance and reformation essay and then through the people, punctuated and inspired by the writings of political theorists such as Locke, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau.
The humanistic impulse was strongly tied to the Reformation, the Protestant struggle against the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century. Most education under the Catholic Church in the past had been the education of its leaders and scholars.
Naval and navigation technology raced ahead, trade between nations caused exponential growth in the wealth of nations, and cultural exchange fostered diversity in civilization as yet unseen.
Many of the humanists were very antagonistic toward the Church, and some, who were convinced that the Church had strayed from the early Christian teachings, began to break away and form new churches.
Towns were becoming the new centre of life as the economy began to edge away from its old feudalistic, agrarian orientation. Because they "protested" the actions of the Catholic Church, these humanists were called Protestants. The Renaissance was a period of discovery of the outside world as well, for people began to question the old teachings about the nature of the world and what lay beyond Europe and northern Africa.
It began in Italy around the thirteenth century and spread gradually to the north and west across Europe for the next two centuries. Between the years andthere were many changes in the world: Their ideas provided the basis for successful modern forms of government, and inspired revolts against ruling systems that were considered archaic and oppressive.
It helped to blow Europe into modern times, for with it a small force of men was vastly superior to a much larger force of bowmen. The Age of Exploration enlarged the known world, and showed many ways of life and peoples they had not known existed.
Their status had been raised some in the Catholic Church by the emphasis on the Virgin Mary, but the emphasis was on the woman in the home setting, rather than as an equal and a partner to man. The Protestant belief that everyone had the right to read and interpret the scriptures for himself or herself, which required some degree of literacy, enhanced education for the general public.
A major early leader was Vittorino da Feltre, who founded a school for the children of nobility that imitated the Athenian model of classical studies taught according to the model set by Quintilian.
Throughout time, the qualities demanded of a ruler have fluctuated as much as the course of history itself. Societal awareness and critique initiated the Enlightenment, starting in France with the Philosophes. The Protestants believed the activities would help prevent corruption of the body in word and deed and were therefore of moral value.
It represented a human longing for knowledge, adventure, and exposure, a desire that manifested in the Age of Exploration. The education of the period began to develop along the lines of the Greek ideal; it stressed a classical education combined with physical education. The Reformation freed the human being from the bonds of the tyrannical Church, but would have been unlikely without the Renaissance to have given it momentum.
The Age of Exploration brought the world further along the path of development and unity, changing it from a collection of small territories to great trade empires were culture and society were enhanced by diversity and awareness.
The Enlightenment represented the beginning of revolutionary thinking, and gave the people the courage and determination to govern themselves. Europe also was making the transition to "modern times.Renaissance and the Reformation Essay - The term “Renaissance” literally translates to “rebirth” as the Renaissance was a cultural and academic movement emphasizing the rediscovery and application of texts and philosophy from.
Free protestant reformation papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your search returned over essays for " - The renaissance and the reformation were two of the most significant changes in history that has shaped our world today. Both of these great time periods are strikingly similar in some ways and totally different in others.
The European revival of art and learning that reintroduced classic ideals and values Renaissance A new catholic religious order created init founded schools and sent out teachers and missionaries across the world jesuits An ideal place Utopia In his 95 thesis, Martin Luther’s.
The single most important document linking the Renaissance and the Reformation is the 95 Theses, written by Martin Luther who posted it on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
Essay on The Renaissance Versus the Reformation The Renaissance versus the Reformation "I feel, sometimes, as the Renaissance man must have felt in finding new riches at every point and in the certainty that unexplored areas of knowledge and experience await at every turn" Polykarp Kusch.
The Renaissance brought out the individual, and the Reformation gave it freedom. We will write a custom essay sample on Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment.Download