Pregnant adolescents are at high risk for other STDs, and therefore should also be screened for Chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, and syphilis during pregnancy and should be encouraged to have the hepatitis B vaccine if nonimmune.
Lessons for Prevention and Intervention in Adolescent Pregnancy: Obstetric characteristics among nulliparas under age Children of adolescent mothers also appear to exhibit more behavioral problems, score lower on intellectual tests, and more often have to repeat grades than children of similar socioeconomic status born to older mothers.
The social and economic impact of teen pregnancy is great, not only for the adolescent but also for society. School importance and dropout among pregnant adolescents.
Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in young adolescent parturients in an inner-city hospital. Natl Vital Stat Rep Nutrition in adolescent pregnancy.
Health and risk behaviors of urban males involved in a pregnancy. Violence Before, During, and after Pregnancy Many pregnant girls have been victims of physical or sexual abuse before pregnancy, and this strong association has been well-documented in the literature. Prenatal care for adolescents is also an excellent opportunity to provide preventative care and guidance.
Adolescents of all socioeconomic groups can, and do, access the Internet. Pregnancy in the teenager: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea, genital herpes, hepatitis B, syphilis, HIV, the human papilloma virus HPVand trichomoniasis are the most common.
The potential impact of iron supplementation during adolescence on iron status in pregnancy. Some sites are misleading and offer an online pregnancy test, while others offer expert advice from adolescent parents. While abuse during pregnancy was found to be a significant risk factor for delivering a LBW infant, it was a more significant associated risk factor for the adult women than for the teens.
How well adolescents will filter the information on the Internet and how well they can differentiate the high-quality sites from those with misleading messages is unknown. In the postneonatal period, the mortality rate was doubled for infants born to mothers aged 18—20, was 2.
Except for the very young adolescent, age in and of itself does not appear to be a major factor in the myriad of medical and obstetric complications previously ascribed to the teen pregnancy.
Women who conceive during or soon after adolescence are even more likely than their adult counterparts to enter pregnancy with low or even absent iron stores.
The additional amount of protein needed during pregnancy is based on the amount of protein deposited in new tissues, plus the efficiency of conversion of dietary protein to tissue protein.
Clinicians may be able to encourage adolescents to access accurate information by providing specific web addresses to medically accurate sites for teens, or by providing their own web sites tailored to local needs and concerns.
Adequate intake of vitamins and minerals is essential to a healthy pregnancy; folate and iron are particularly important. A web browsers search on the topic teen pregnancy will link an adolescent with web sites from a variety of sources, with a multitude of messages.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates vary dramatically by region, and it is essential to screen adolescents during pregnancy, both at initiation of care and later in gestation to evaluate for re-infection. Greater emphasis is needed on providing adolescents with the skills to postpone sexual activity until they are able to practice responsible sexual behavior.
Results showed that the longer a woman participated in WIC, the heavier her baby was likely to be at birth. Prevalence and patterns of intimate partner violence among adolescent mothers during the postpartum period. Because the adolescent multipara is at increased risk for delivering a LBW infant compared with her adult counterpart, and because many adolescent mothers are already economically disadvantaged or have social stress, it is essential to target these girls for pregnancy prevention.
Pregnancy feelings among adolescents awaiting pregnancy test results. Educational attainment among pregnant adolescents varies by region and is likely affected by socio-demographic characteristics.
Today, adolescents have additional sources of information via the World Wide Web. Natl Vital Stati Rep Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing: Adolescent pregnancy prevention in managed care Morris D: Am J Obstet Gynecol Although the messages and information available to adolescents is variable, many sites do offer valid and valuable information regarding nutrition, birth control, the risks of smoking during pregnancy, prenatal care options, parenting, and more.
Sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted disease prevalence.Sexual Activity. American teenagers become sexually active at the same age and have similar numbers of partners as teenagers in other industrialized countries. 4 However, American teenagers' use of contraception is among the lowest in the world when compared with nations of similar economic development.
The result is a teenage pregnancy rate. Advocates for Youth champions efforts that help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their reproductive and sexual health. Advocates believes it can best serve the field by boldly advocating for a more positive and realistic approach to adolescent sexual health.
Advocates focuses its work on young people ages in .Download