Self-harm — intentional, direct injuring of body tissue most often done without suicidal intentions. Today, four general categories of child maltreatment are generally recognized: The co-occurrence of different forms of child maltreatment has been examined only to a limited extent.
In part, this slower development is influenced by the complexities of research on major social problems.
Religion and domestic violence[ edit ]. Y Psychological abuse — form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Also spelled "honour killing" American and British spelling differences.
Emotional abuse is also a matter of controversy in some quarters, primarily because of broad variations in its definition.
Lesbians often have fewer resources available Child abuse sentence outline shelter and counselling. Cycle of abuse — social cycle theory to explain patterns of behavior of a violent intimate relationship: It is likely the most common type of intimate partner violence. These decisions include the selection of cases of suspected child abuse and neglect for investigation and determinations about which children should remain with families in which abuse has occurred.
For example, we know from epidemiologic studies of disease of cases that were derived from hospital records that, unless the phenomenon of interest always comes to a service provider for treatment, there exist undetected and untreated cases in the general population that are often quite different from those who have sought treatment.
As a result, the research in this field has been generally viewed by the scientific community as fragmented, diffuse, decentralized, and of poor quality. A Comparison With Other Fields of Family and Child Research A comparison with the field of studies on family functioning may illustrate another point about the status of the studies on child maltreatment.
Although no specific theory about the causes of child abuse and neglect has been substantially replicated across studies, significant progress has been gained in the past few decades in identifying the dimensions of complex phenomena that contribute to the origins of child maltreatment.
Not only has our society invested relatively little in research on children, but we also have invested even less in research on children whose families are characterized by multiple problems, such as poverty, substance abuse, violence, welfare dependency, and child maltreatment.
Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, child abuse and workplace bullying.
For example, researchers who discover an undetected incident of child abuse in the course of an interview are required by state laws to disclose the identities of the victim and offender sif known, to appropriate child welfare officials.
For the most part, only a few studies will score well in each of the above categories. Family functioning studies have focused predominantly on large, nonclinical populations, exploring styles of parenting and parenting practices that generate different kinds and levels of competence, mental health, and character in children.
Economic issues must also be considered in evaluating long-term treatment costs and loss of earnings associated with the consequences of child victimization.
But the state of research on this topic could be advanced more rapidly with increased investment of funds. Y Y Physical abuse — abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm.
Thus, the report draws out issues based on clinical studies or studies that lack sufficient control samples, but the panel refrains from drawing inferences based on this literature.
Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect.
Factors such as racism, ethnic discrimination, sexism, class bias, institutional and professional jealousies, and social inequities influence the development of our national research agenda Bell,Huston, Yet information about these factors is rarely requested or recorded by social agencies or health professionals in the process of identifying or documenting reports of child maltreatment.
Page 43 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Oppression — exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner.
Most important, collaborative long-term research ventures are necessary to diminish social, professional, and institutional prejudices that have restricted the development of a comprehensive knowledge base that can improve understanding of, and response to, child maltreatment.
Longitudinal studies are quite rare, and some studies that are described as longitudinal actually consist of hybrid designs followed over time. Such a disorder may consist of a combination of affectivebehavioralcognitive and perceptual components.
Many observers believe that the federal government lacks leadership, funding, and an effective research program for studies on child maltreatment.
Y Honor killing — homicide of a member of a family or social group by other members, due to the belief of the perpetrators that the victim has brought dishonor upon the family or community. What is lacking is a coordinated approach and a general conceptual framework that can add new depth to our understanding of child maltreatment.
These four categories have become the focus of separate studies of incidence and prevalence, etiology, prevention, consequences, and treatment, with uneven development of research within each area and poor integration of knowledge across areas.Read chapter 1 INTRODUCTION: The tragedy of child abuse and neglect is in the forefront of public attention.
Yet, without a conceptual framework, resear. Child Abuse Outline. Download. Topic Sentence- Paragraph #2: There are several things that An interview is an opportunity for you can do in an interview to potential employers to get to know you increase the possibility of better, so it is important that you your success such as answer each question as completely as dressing properly.
Outline of domestic violence Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, child abuse and workplace Breaches of restraining orders can be considered serious criminal offences that merit arrest and possible prison sentences.
The term is most commonly used in. CONTENT OUTLINE.
Child Abuse Pediatrics. Subspecialty In-Training, Certification, and. Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Examinations. INTRODUCTION. This document was prepared by the American Board of Pediatrics Subboard of Pediatric Child.
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