Unfortunately, most individualist anarchists tended to call this new system of possession "property" and thus caused endless confusion. It is hard to take seriously anyone who uses this as an example of the evils of state intervention when those laws are so regularly flouted in practice.
After successfully winning economic improvements for their members, they left it at that and forgot that people do not live by bread alone. The current democratic state is "voluntary" -- no one forces you to live in a specific state -- yet that does not make it an anarchy. Allowing property to be eradicated, both in practice and in spirit, no crimes are left but such are the acts of the mentally sick.
In other words, to fight authority and eliminate those rights which create it. Fifthly, and finally, her ideas on the power of ideas in social change. The difference is that the wage contract involves the sale of the control of your person for some of, rather than all, the hours in the day.
This analysis raises the question of whether a regime being voluntary is enough, in and of itself, to count as being anarchist. No tyrant ever renounced his tyranny until he had to.
Clearly, being voluntary is hardly a sufficient requirement for a community or organisation to be considered an anarchy if within them the few govern the many.
Her vision of a society in which people related to each other as people rather than things to be owned and used, is still inspiring.
However, those more familiar with that oxymoron will not be remotely surprised. Given her wholesale opposition to hierarchy it would be strange that she would exclude wage slavery from her attacks.
In this essay, de Cleyre points to examples such as the Boston Tea Partynoting that "direct action has always been used, and has the historical sanction of the very people now reprobating it. In the somewhat misnamed "The Ethics of Liberty", he argued that the state "arrogates to itself a monopoly of force, of ultimate decision-making power, over a given area territorial area.
As she put it, "as a class I have nothing to hope from men.
Distinguishing herself from Emma Goldmanand expanding on her support for individualist anarchism, de Cleyre wrote, "Miss Goldman is a communist; I am an individualist.
This means that the social relations within an association are what makes it libertarian or not and, consequently, being voluntary is a necessary, but not sufficient, requirement for an anarchy.
While this blindness on the class nature of the modern state may afflict "anarcho"-capitalism, the same cannot be said of individualist anarchism. The title of the essay refers not to traffic in women for purposes of prostitutionalthough that is also mentioned, but rather to marriage laws that allow men to rape their wives without consequences.
Property in land, however, would be modified so that it could be held by individuals "for such time and in such allotments as they use only. If so, then he should say so. And finally they must learn that even then when they have a complete organisation they can win nothing permanent unless they strike for everything -- not for a wage, not for a minor improvement, but for the whole natural wealth of the earth.
If the state is to be opposed then so must capitalist property -- for reasons, ironically enough, "anarcho"-capitalism itself makes clear! As such, the situation that an individual worker would get his "natural" wage would be unlikely and so they would be exploited by their employer.
Conclusion As has been hopefully shown, it is wonderful that works by Voltairine are available again in book form. While proclaiming freedom to experiment, they do so in the context of capitalist property rights and if followers of Rothbard capitalist "Natural law.
And what, exactly, are the "more widespread and systematic forms of violent action" beyond these few acts of terrorism?
Finally, it should be noted that Voltairine saw the reality of the situation clearly. She considered that living together limited the autonomy of those involved and that even the most anarchistic of couples would end up recreating the evils of patriarchy against their will.
They paint a horrifying picture of how stifling the lives of women were at that time. Was it worth the wait? The social anarchist as violent authoritarian?
In her essay, "Anarchism and American Traditions," she argued that in order to achieve peace, "all peaceful persons should withdraw their support from the army, and require that all who wish to make war do so at their own cost and risk; that neither pay nor pensions are to be provided for those who choose to make man-killing a trade.
So long as the State permits its subjects to leave its territory, then, it can be said to act as does any other owner who sets down rules for people living on his property.Additional resources for Exquisite Rebel: Essays of Voltairine De Cleyre- Feminist, Anarchist, Genius Sample text She crossed the river to Port Huron and tramped seventeen miles, but her home was still far away.
Voltairine de Cleyre was an American anarchist writer and feminist.
She was a prolific writer and speaker, opposing the state, marriage, and the domination of religion in sexuality and women's lives. She began her activist career in the freethought movement/5(67). Get this from a library! Exquisite rebel: the essays of Voltairine de Cleyre: feminist, anarchist, genius.
[Voltairine De Cleyre; Sharon Presley; Crispin Sartwell] -- "Emma Goldman called Voltairine de Cleyre "the most gifted and brilliant anarchist woman America ever produced." Yet her writings and speeches on anarchism and feminism.
Exquisite Rebel The Essays of Voltairine de Cleyre -- Anarchist, Feminist, Genius.
editor of Social Anarchism Voltairine de Cleyre (–) No Authority But Oneself: The Anarchist Feminist Philosophy of Autonomy and Freedom. Exquisite Rebel: The Essays of Voltairine de Cleyre -- Anarchist, Feminist, Genius by Voltairine de Cleyre Brings the writings of de Cleyre out of undeserved obscurity.
Emma Goldman called Voltairine de Cleyre “the most gifted and brilliant anarchist woman America ever produced.”. Exquisite Rebel: The Essays of Voltairine De Cleyre - Anarchist, Feminist, Genius, Sharon Presley and Crispin Sartwell Obviously, feminism (or the "Women Question" as it was called back then) was a major focus for Voltairine.
Reading her feminist essays such as "Sex Slavery" gives you a glimpse why. They paint a horrifying picture of how.Download