Newspapers received numerous letters calling for Arab Australians to "prove their loyalty" or "go home", and some Arab Australian Muslim women wearing hijab head coverings were reportedly harassed in public. Anthropologist Ian McIntosh  has said that the initial effects of the Macassan fishermen were "terrible", which resulted in "turmoil" : The first camel drivers arrived in MelbourneVictoriain Junewhen eight Muslims and Hindus arrived with the camels for the Burke and Wills expedition.
They arrived fromhaving been employed on British ships.
It describes Dr Jamal Rifi as a brave insider who is working to assist "the cause of good Muslims who are struggling for the soul of Islam". Most returned to their home countries. Beyond this, Muslims generally are not thought to have settled in large numbers in other regions of Australia until The Sydney gang rapes formed a much reported set of incidents in ; a group of Lebanese men sexually assaulted non-Muslim women.
By the beginning of the 21st-century, Muslims from more than sixty countries had settled in Australia. Two Afghans who pledged allegiance to the Ottoman Empire shot and killed four Australians and wounded seven others before being killed by the police.
Makassan contact with Australia Indonesian Muslims trepangers from the southwest corner of Sulawesi visited the coast of northern Australia, "from at least the eighteenth century"  to collect and process trepanga marine invertebrate prized for its culinary and medicinal values in Chinese markets.
As with the Albanian Muslim immigrants before them, the European heritage of these dispaced Muslims also made them compatible with the White Australia Policy.
Remnants of their influence can be seen in the culture of some of the northern Aboriginal peoples. The next arrival of camel drivers was in when 31 men from Rajasthan and Baluchistan arrived in South Australia with camels for Thomas Elder.
Between and the s a number of Central Asians came to Australia to work as camel drivers. Modern-day replica of an ice cream van owned by one of the terrorists involved in the Battle of Broken Hill in Keysar Trad has said moderate Muslims need to take back control.
Later, between andduring the final years of the step-by-step dismantling of the White Australia policy, approximately 10, Turkish citizens settled in Australia under an agreement between Australia and Turkey.
Thus, in the s and s Albanian Muslims, whose European heritage made them compatible with the White Australia Policy, immigrated to the country. Albanian Muslims built the first mosque in Shepparton, Victoria infirst mosque in Melbourne in and a mosque in Mareeba, Far North Queensland in The community left no remnants; only seven permanent residents of the island identified themselves as "non-Christian" in a census.
One of the earliest recorded Islamic festivals celebrated in Australia occurred on 23 July when 70 Muslims assembled for Eid prayers at Albert Park in Melbourne. This allowed for the acceptance of a number of displaced white European Muslims who began to arrive from other parts of Europe, mainly from the Balkansespecially from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Albanian community in Far North Queensland settled in the area in the early 20th century searching for work in the sugarcane and tobacco industries with many descendants still living in MareebaCairns and other small towns across the Atherton Tablelands.
Regina Ganter, an associate professor at Griffith Universitysays, "Staying on the safe grounds of historical method During the s, Muslim Malay divers were recruited through an agreement with the Dutch to work on Western Australian and Northern Territory pearling grounds.
It was fair - there was no racial judgement, no race policy. Notable events involving Australian Muslims during this early period include what has been described either as an act of war by the Ottoman Empireor the earliest terrorist attack planned against Australian civilians.
Intensions between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Cronulla area of Sydney led to violent rioting ; the incident resulted in mass arrests and criminal prosecution.
InMuslims protesting in central Sydney against Innocence of Muslimsan anti-Islam film trailer, resulted in rioting. They left following the closure of the penal colony and moved to Tasmania. Muslim students from countries such as MalaysiaIndonesiaIndiaBangladesh and Pakistanare among the thousands of international students studying in Australian universities.
Bythere were Malay divers working in Western Australia. Meanwhile, persons not of white European heritage including most Muslims were denied entry to Australia during this period.The show follows the journey of a time traveler, Cole, from the post-apocalyptic future.
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